Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy
On-line version ISSN 1807-8621
GRISI, Patrícia Umeda; RANAL, Marli Aparecida; GUALTIERI, Sônia Cristina Juliano and SANTANA, Denise Garcia. Allelopathic potential of Sapindus saponaria L. leaves in the control of weeds. Acta Sci., Agron. (Online) [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp.1-9. ISSN 1807-8621. http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v34i1.11598.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of aqueous extracts of young and mature leaves from Sapindus saponaria on diaspore germination and seedling growth of barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) and morningglory (Ipomoea grandifolia). The aqueous extract was prepared in a proportion of 100 g of dried, ground leaves dissolved in 1000 mL of distilled water, resulting in a 10% extract concentrate. Dilutions of this concentrate were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0 and 2.5%. In seedling growth tests, we compared the effect of these extracts with the herbicide nicosulfuron. Both extracts of mature and young leaves caused delays and reductions in diaspore germination and seedling length of barnyardgrass and morningglory, with the most intense effects observed at a concentration of 10%. The effects of the young leaf extract were more similar to those observed with the herbicide, demonstrating that leaf maturation stage of S. saponaria affects its inhibitory effects on the growth of other plants and that this species is effective in controlling weeds.
Keywords : allelopathy; Echinochloa crus-galli; Ipomoea grandifolia; soapberry.