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Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences

On-line version ISSN 1807-8672

Abstract

GARCIA, Luciano de Oliveira et al. Ammonia excretion at different life stages of silver catfish. Acta Sci., Anim. Sci. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp.15-19. ISSN 1807-8672.  https://doi.org/10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i1.11898.

This study examined ammonia excretion at different life stages (eggs, larvae and juveniles) in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) and determined the influence of fasting time on ammonia excretion. Eggs and larvae were collected from incubators at different times after fecundation and placed in chambers. Juveniles were separated into two weight classes (2-50 g and 150-320 g) and placed in individual chambers after feeding. Water was collected from each chamber to determine ammonia excretion. Ammonia excretion by the eggs was low, but when hatching began approximately 28h after fecundation, excretion increased until 48h after fecundation. In fasting silver catfish juveniles, there was a significant negative correlation between ammonia excretion and weight. Moreover, ammonia excretion decreased significantly after 12 and 48h of fasting (compared to 6h fasting) in the smallest and largest specimens, respectively. Consequently, during incubation of silver catfish eggs, water renovation must be increased at hatching time to avoid a build-up in the concentration of ammonia. In addition, as ammonia excretion in this species increases after feeding, feed must be discontinued when ammonia levels in the tanks are high to avoid a further increase of this metabolite and consequent mortality of silver catfish.

Keywords : eggs; fasting time; nitrogenous compound; larvae.

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