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International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology

Print version ISSN 1809-9777

Abstract

FRIZZO, Ana Claudia Figueiredo et al. Auditory middle latency response in children with learning difficulties. Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.3, pp.335-340. ISSN 1809-9777.  https://doi.org/10.7162/S1809-97772012000300006.

INTRODUCTION: This is an objective laboratory assessment of the central auditory systems of children with learning disabilities. AIM: To examine and determine the properties of the components of the Auditory Middle Latency Response in a sample of children with learning disabilities. METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional cohort study with quantitative, descriptive, and exploratory outcomes. We included 50 children aged 8-13 years of both genders with and without learning disorders. Those with disorders of known organic, environmental, or genetic causes were excluded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The Na, Pa, and Nb waves were identified in all subjects. The ranges of the latency component values were as follows: Na = 9.8-32.3 ms, Pa = 19.0-51.4 ms, Nb = 30.0-64.3 ms (learning disorders group) and Na = 13.2-29.6 ms, Pa = 21.8-42.8 ms, Nb = 28.4-65.8 ms (healthy group). The values of the Na-Pa amplitude ranged from 0.3 to 6.8 ìV (learning disorders group) or 0.2-3.6 ìV (learning disorders group). Upon analysis, the functional characteristics of the groups were distinct: the left hemisphere Nb latency was longer in the study group than in the control group. Peculiarities of the electrophysiological measures were observed in the children with learning disorders. This study has provided information on the Auditory Middle Latency Response and can serve as a reference for other clinical and experimental studies in children with these disorders.

Keywords : evoked potentials; auditory; evoked potentials; learning.

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