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Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

On-line version ISSN 2175-9790


MAZZOLA, Priscila Gava et al. Choice of sterilizing/disinfecting agent: determination of the Decimal ReductionTime (D-Value). Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2009, vol.45, n.4, pp.701-708. ISSN 2175-9790.

Efforts to diminish the transmission of infections include programs in which disinfectants play a crucial role. Hospital surfaces and medical devices are potential sources of cross contamination, and each instrument, surface or area in a health care unit can be responsible for spread of infection. The decimal reduction time was used to study and compare the behavior of selected strains of microorganisms. The highest D-values for various bacteria were obtained for the following solutions: (i) 0.1% sodium dichloroisocyanurate (pH 7.0) - E. coli and A. calcoaceticus (D = 5.9 min); (ii) sodium hypochlorite (pH 7.0) at 0.025% for B. stearothermophilus (D = 24 min), E. coli and E. cloacae (D = 7.5 min); at 0.05% for B. stearothermophilus (D = 9.4 min) and E. coli (D = 6.1 min). The suspension studies were an indication of the disinfectant efficacy on a surface. The data in this study reflect the formulations used and may vary from product to product. The expected effectiveness from the studied formulations shows that the tested agents can be recommended for surface disinfection as stated in present guidelines and emphasize the importance and need to develop routine and novel programs to evaluate product utility.

Keywords : Disinfection; Disinfectant agents; Decimal reduction time [determination].

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