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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. vol.55 no.1 São Paulo  1997

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1997000100003 

Mumps meningoencephalitis: an epidemiological approach

 

Meningoencefalite pelo vírus da caxumba: abordagem epidemiológica

 

 

Alfredo Leboreiro-FernandezI; Maria Valeriana L Moura-RibeiroII; Ivone Elisabete Ferreira LeboreiroI; Fahim Miguel SawanI; Alessandra Ribeiro VenturaI; Kellen Cristina Kamimura BarbosaI

IFaculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro (FMTM), Uberaba, MG, Brasil
IIFaculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade de Campinas, SP, Brasil

 

 


ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyse distribution of meningoencefalitis caused by mumps viras in children related to sex, age and seasonal influences. Thirty seven children were evaluated, ages ranging from 2 to 14 years. They were seen at Emergency Unit of Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro and at Hospital da Criança, in Uberaba-MG, Brazil, from March 1st 1991 to February 1st 1993 and they were hospitalized for about 5 days. Through a protocol findings were studied during hospitalization and clinical course stressing epidemiology, symptomatology, cerebrospinal fluid studies, electroencephalogram and cortical function analysis. Only epidemiological data were considered in the present study. Data analysis revealed male predominance, at a range from 5 to 9 years and great number of occurrences at the last quarter of the year.

Key words: mumps meningoencephalitis, neuroepidemiology, aseptic meningoencephalitis.


RESUMO

O presente trabalho tem por objetivo, estudar a distribuição quanto ao sexo, idade e sazonalidade, em crianças com meningencefalite pelo vírus da caxumba. Foram avaliadas 37 crianças, com idades variando de 2 a 14 anos, atendidas no Pronto-Socorro do Hospital Escola da FMTM e do Hospital da Criança, MG, no período de 1-março-1991 a 1-fevereiro-1993 e hospitalizadas por período médio de 5 dias. Através de protocolo pré-elaborado foram estudados os achados obtidos por ocasião da internação e evolução, enfatizando-se a epidemiologia, sintomatologia, líquido cefalorraqueano, eletrencefalograma e função cortical. São considerados apenas os dados epidemiológicos, no presente estudo. A análise das informações pertinentes revela predomínio no sexo masculino, na faixa etária dos 5 aos 9 anos e maior número de casos no último trimestre do ano, correspondente à estação da primavera.

Palavras-chave: meningencefalite pelo vírus da caxumba, neuroepidemiologia, meningencefalite asséptica.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We are grateful to Professor Virmondes Rodrigues for helpful comments.

 

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Aceite: 2-setembro-1996.

 

 

Este estudo faz parte da Dissertação de Mestrado do primeiro autor, apresentada à Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.
Dr. Alfredo Leboreiro-Fernandez - Avenida Leopoldino de Oliveira 2733,9º andar - 38.015-000 Uberaba MG - Brasil.

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