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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

On-line version ISSN 1678-9946

Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo vol.29 no.5 São Paulo Sept./Oct. 1987

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651987000500003 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

 

Predictive value of serologic tests in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with paracoccidioidomycosis (*)

 

Valor predictivo de las pruebas serologicas para el diagnostico y seguimiento de la paracoccidoidomycosis

 

 

Luz Elena Cano; Angela Restrepo

Corporacion para Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB), Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellin, Colombia, South America

 

 


SUMMARY

A serologic study was undertaken in a group of 43 patients with active paracoccidioidomycosis who were treated in the same form (ketoconazole), for identical periods of time (6 months), and folio wed-up for various periods posttherapy. The tests employed were agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) and complement fixation (FC). Also studied were 50 sera from patients with proven histoplasmosis and pulmonary aspergilloma, 30 patients with culturaly proven tuberculosis as well as 92 specimens from healthy individuals, residents in the endemic area for paracoccidioidomycosis. A single lot of yeast filtrate antigen was used throughout the study. The value of each test was measured according to GALEN and GAMBINO6. Both tests were highly sensitive, 89 and 93% respectively. Regarding their specificity, the AGID was totally specific while the CF exhibited 96.6% and 97% specificity in front of tuberculosis patients and healthy individuals respectively and 82% in comparison with patients with other mycoses. The concept of predictive value, that is, the certainty one has in accepting a positive test as diagnostic of paracoccidioidomycosis, favored the AGID procedure (100%) over the CF test. The latter could sort out with 93% certainty a patient with paracoccidioidomycosis among a group of healthy individuals and with 97.5% in the case of TB patients; when the group in question was composed by individuals with other deep mycoses, such certainty was lower (81%). The above results indicate that both the AGID and the CF tests furnish results of high confidence; one should not relay, however, in the CF alone as a means to establish the specific diagnosis of paracoccidioidomycosis.

Key words: Predictive values; Serologic tests; Paracoccidoidomycosis; Cross-reactions; Systemic mycoses.

RESUMEN

Con el objeto de determinar el valor predictivo de las pruebas serológicas (F¡jación de Complemento, FC, e Inmunodifusión en Gel de Agar, IDGA), utilizadas regularmente en nuestro laboratorio para el diagnóstico y el seguimiento de la paracoccidioidomicosis, se analizaron los datos provenientes de 43 pacientes con la enfermedad. Tales pacientes fueron tratados en forma identica (Ketoconazol, 200 mg/dia por 6 meses); además ambas pruebas serológicas utilizaron un mismo lote de antigeno, eliminando asi posibles variables. Fuera de los sueros provenientes de los 43 pacientes con paracoccidioidomicosis (A), se estudiaron 50 sueros de pacientes con otras micosis profundas (B) y 92 sueros de personas sanas (C). Empleamos las fórmulas dadas por GALEN y GAMBINO6 y hallamos que la sensibilidad de ambas pruebas serológicas era comparable, sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre ellas (FC = 93%, IDGA - 88.4%). Dicha sesibilidad tendia a disminuir con el tratamiento, siendo más marcada su baja durante las observaciones post-terapia. Al analizar la especificidad se encontró que la IDGA era totalmente específica, no encontrandose falsos positivos en las poblaciones controles estudiadâs (B y C). La FC mostró un 96.7% de especificidad frente a la población C y un 82% frente a la B, siendo estadistisarnente significativa la diferencia entre ambas. Basados en los datos ariteriores, se buscó et valor predictivo, hallaridose que la IDGA da seguridad completa para el diagnóstiso en cualquiera de los períodos evaluados no asi la FC, la que mostró disminución de tales valores durante la terapia y la post-terapia. La curva respectiva mostró como a medida que pasaba el tiempo, disminuía la posibiildad de diferenciar la paracoccidioidomicosis (A) de otras micosis (B), manteniendose, sinembargo, la diferencia con los controles normales (C).


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors express their appreciation to the patients for their constant cooperation and to Dr. William Mejia who kindly checked the statistical analysis.

 

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Recebido para publicação em 21/7/86.

 

 

(*) Study presented during the ISHAM International Colloquium on Paracoccidioidomycosis, February 1986, Medellin, Colombia.

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