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vol.11 issue1  suppl.1As pesquisas arqueológicas no Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (1870-1981)Entomologia do Museu Goeldi author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967On-line version ISSN 1809-4392

Acta Amaz. vol.11 no.1 supl.1 Manaus Mar. 1981

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921981111s167 

ARTIGOS

A Divisão de Botânica do Museu Goeldi

Paulo B. Cavalcante* 

*Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém

Resumo

O autor apresenta uma síntese das atividades da Divisão de Botânica do Museu Goeldi. a partir de 1955 quando este passou à administração do CNPq. Após a fase Goeldi-Huber (1694-1914) coincidente com o início da primeira guerra mundial e a crise que assolou a região, o Museu, que até então se projetava internacionalmente nos meios científicos, entrou em total decadência, paralisando todas as pesquisas botânicas. Nesse período crítico, que perdurou até 1954. as coleções do herbário foram em parte destruídas por incúria e falta de recursos. A partir de 1955, sob a administração do CNPq. a Divisão foi reorganizada, o herbário ampliado e modernamente equipado. As coleções botânicas subiram de 12 mil para 91 mil amostras e, somente na década de 70. foram realizadas cerca de 67 escursões de estudos e coletas, A Divisão conta atualmente com 35 pessoas entre pesquisadores e auxiliares, tendo, até o presente, publicada 85 trabalhos.

SUMMARY

The activities of the Department of Botany of the Museu Goeldi are considered in this memoir, beginning in 1955 when the administration of the Museu became the responsibility of the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq). Since 1914, with the death of the botanist J. Huber. Botanical research at the Museu in the former Botany Section had come to a standstill, and the herbarium collection of plant specimens suffered serious losses due to its state of virtual abandonment and to the lack of resources for its curation. In 1955, with the entry of the CNPq into the Museu by virtue of a bilateral agreement with the government of the State of Pará, the entire collection of the herbarium consisted of only 12.000 plant specimnes in the care of a part-time curator, in that same year, the botanical collection was completely reorganized and botanical expeditions were begun. Botanical research was reiniciated, and the research staff in Botany was gradually expanded to the presente level: 35 people, including the botanists, research students and techninicians. Presently, the Department of Botany holds 91,000 botanical specimens, comprising the colletctions of pressed plants, woods, and fruits. During the decade of the 1970s, about 65 excursions were conducted most of wich involved 30 to 90 days in the field.

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