SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.15 issue1Population fluctuation of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in peach orchards in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do SulRevision of the genus Neocalvia Crotch (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.15 no.1 Curitiba  1998

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751998000100014 

Note on glands present in meliponinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae) bees legs

 

 

Carminda da Cruz-Landim; Regina Lúcia Morelli Silva de Moraes; Heliana Clara Salles; Rejane Daniele Reginato

Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista. 13506-900 Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil

 

 


ABSTRACT

The present paper reports the presence of glandular structures in legs of some stingless bee species. The glands appear as: the epidermis transformation in a glandular epithelium as in basitarsus, an epithelial sac inside the segment as in the femur of queens or in the last tarsomere, as round glandular cells, scattered or forming groupments. The saculiform gland of femur is present only in queens, the other glands are present in males, queens and workers of the studied species, apparently without any type of polymorphism. This occurrence seems indicate that the function of these glands have not to do with the sociality or specific behavior of castes.

Key words: Hymenoptera, stingless bees, legs, glands


 

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

 

AKNOWLEDGMENTS. Thanks are due to Dr. Vera Lúcia Imperatriz Fonseca from Departamento de Ecologia - Instituto de Biociências (USP) and Dr. Ronaldo Zucchi from Departamento de Biologia da Faculdade, FFCL (USP) for supplying most of the studied specimens.

 

REFERENCES

Arnhart, L. 1923. Das krallenglied der Honigbiene. Arch. Benenk. 5:37-86        [ Links ]

Bacchus, S. 1979. New exocrine gland on the legs of some Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera). Jour. Insect Morphol. & Embriol. 8:135-142.         [ Links ]

Billen, J.P.J. 1984. Morphology of the tibial gland in the ant Crematogaster scutelaris. Naturwiss 71:234-235.         [ Links ]

______. 1986. Etude morphologique des glandes tarsales chez la guêpe Polistes annularis (L.)(Vespidae, Polistinae). Actes Coll. Insectes Soc. 3:51-60.         [ Links ]

Chauvin, R. 1962. Sur I' Epagine et sur les glandes tarsales d'Arnhart. Insectes Sociaux 9:1-5.         [ Links ]

Cruz-Landim, C. & M.A.S. Cunha. 1965. Glande tarsale des abeille sans aiguillon. Comptes Rendus Ve Congresse UIEIS:219-225.         [ Links ]

Cruz-Landim, C. & R.L.M. Silva de Moraes. 1994. Ultrastructural localization of new exocrine glands in legs of social Apinae (Hymenoptera) workers. Jour. Adv. Zool. 15:60-67.         [ Links ]

Lensky, Y.; P. Cassier; A. Finked; C. Delone-Joulie & M. Levinsohn. 1985. The fine structure of the tarsal glands of the honeybee. Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera). Cell Tissue Res. 240:153-158.         [ Links ]

Leuthold, R.H. 1969. Trail-laying from the tibial gland in Crematogaster ashemedi Mayir and Crematogaster scutellaris Olivier (Formicidae, Myrmicinae). Proceedings VI Congress IUSSI, Bern, p. 149.         [ Links ]

Noirot, C. & A. Quennedey. 1974. Fine structure of Insect Epidermal glands. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 19:61-80.         [ Links ]

Pouvreau, A. 1991. Morphology and histology of tarsal glands in bumble bees of the genera Bombus, Pyrobombus, and Megabombus. Can. Jour Zool. 69:866-872.         [ Links ]

Stort, A.C.G. & C. Cruz-Landim. 1965. Glândulas dos apêndices locomotores do gênero Centris (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae). Bol. Inst. Angola 21/23:5-14.         [ Links ]

Walker, G.; A.B. Yule & J. Ratchiffe. 1985. The adhesive organ of the blowfly Calliphora vomitoria: a functional approach (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Jour. Zool. Ser. A. 205:297-307.         [ Links ]

 

 

Recebido em 28.II.1997; aceito em 13.IV.1998

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License