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Biota Neotropica

On-line version ISSN 1676-0611

Biota Neotrop. vol.8 no.2 Campinas Apr./June 2008

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032008000200002 

ARTICLES

 

New records of Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from Peruvian Amazonian region

 

Novas ocorrências de Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) da Região Amazônica Peruana

 

 

Maria Luiza Felippe-BauerI, 1; Abraham CáceresII; Cristiane Santos da SilvaI; William Valderrama-BazanIII; Antero Gonzales-PerezIV; Janira Martins CostaV

ILaboratório de Diptera, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Av. Brasil, 4365, CEP 21040-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
IIDivisão de Entomologia, Instituto Nacional de Saúde, Ministério da Saúde e Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Daniel A. Carrión", Universidade Nacional Maior de São Marcos, Lima, Peru
IIIServiço Nacional de Saúde Agrária, Ministério de Agricultura, Lima, Peru
IVCentro de Saúde Bagua Grande, Sub-região de Saúde Bagua, Amazonas, Peru
VDepartamento de Entomologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

 

 


ABSTRACT

Ten species of Culicoides Latreille are reported for the first time from Peruvian Departments of Amazonas, Cajamarca, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Piura and San Martin. The synonymy and distribution of the species in the New World are given.

Keywords: Ceratopogonidae, neotropical bloodsucking midges, Culicoides, new records, Peru.


RESUMO

Dez espécies de Culicoides Latreille são reportadas pela primeira vez para os departamentos peruanos de Amazonas, Cajamarca, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Piura e San Martin. A sinonímia e a distribuição das espécies para o novo mundo são fornecidas.

Palavras-chave: Ceratopogonidae, maruins neotropicais, Culicoides, novos registros, Peru.


 

 

Introduction

The genus Culicoides Latreille presently contains 266 Neotropical species (Borkent & Spinelli 2007). It is poorly known in Peru with 5 species originally described and only 16 more subsequently reported. In the Atlas of wing photographs of Neotropical species of Culicoides (Wirth et al. 1988) and in the catalog of the New World biting midges south of the United States of America (Borkent & Spinelli 2000), C. efferus Fox and C. hitchocki Spinelli & Wirth are cited as originally described from Peru. Wirth & Blanton (1968) reported two species of the hylas species group, C. hylas Macfie and C. palpalis Macfie, from Peruvian Amazon region. Elliot et al. (1993) and Spinelli et al. (1993) recorded, respectively, C. venezuelensis Ortiz & Mirsa and C. pseudodiabolicus Fox. Spinelli et al. (1996) reported 10 others species, as follows: C. belemensis Wirth & Blanton, C. carpenteri Wirth & Blanton, C. daviesi Wirth & Blanton, C. eublepharus Macfie, C. fieldi Wirth & Blanton, C. gabaldoni Ortiz, C. insignis Lutz, C. insinuatus Ortiz & Leon, C. paucienfuscatus Barbosa and C. quasiparaensis Clastrier. Mercer et al. (2003) founded C. fluviatilis (Lutz) in Department of Loreto, Peru. C. paraensis (Goeldi) was previously mentioned by Barbosa (1947) and Wirth & Felippe-Bauer (1989) from Iquitos and San Antonio, Department of Loreto. Its distribution in the New World and the description of more two species from Peru, belonging to Culicoides paraensis group, C. diversus and C. peruvianus, are made by Felippe-Bauer et al. (2003). Recently, Felippe-Bauer et al. (2005) described Culicoides (Diphaomyia) jurbergi from Departments of Amazonas, Cajamarca and Madre de Dios from Peruvian Amazon.

The purpose of this work is to provide the first records of 10 species of Culicoides from Peruvian Amazon Region.

 

Material and Methods

During an entomological survey in Peruvian Departments of Amazonas, Cajamarca, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Piura and San Martin, specimens of Culicoides are collected by CDC light trap or biting human. The specimens were mounted on microscope slides using the technique described by Wirth & Marston (1968). For identification we used the taxonomic literatures cited for each species. The species listed below are included in subgeneric classification and species group according to Borkent & Spinelli (2007). Specimens were deposited in Ceratopogonidae Collection's of Laboratory of Diptera, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, as voucher material.

 

Results and Discussion

1. New records from Peruvian Amazon region

1. Culicoides (Avaritia) pusillus Lutz, 1913

Culicoides pusillus Lutz, 1913: 52 (male, female; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; fig. wing); Macfie, 1938: 165 (redescript.; Trinidad and Tobago; fig. male genitalia); Floch & Abonnenc, 1942b: 2 (Guyana records); Barbosa, 1947: 25 (Jamaica, Panama records); Macfie, 1948: 79 (Mexico records); Ortiz & Mirsa, 1951: 603 (redescript.; Venezuela; figs. antenna, eyes, palpus, espermathecae, male genitalia, thorax); Ortiz & Leon, 1955: 570 (Ecuador records); Wirth, 1955: 110 (Guatemala records); Forattini, 1957: 284 (redescript.; figs.); Forattini et al. 1958: 26 (larval habits; São Paulo, Brazil); Wirth & Blanton, 1959: 292 (redescript.; figs.; Panama distrib.); Williams, 1964: 463 (larval habitats; Trinidad and Tobago); Tikasingh, 1972: 447 (habits; Trinidad and Tobago); Wirth & Blanton, 1973: 446 (Amazon records, Brazil); Aitken et al. 1975: 138 (Trinidad and Tobago records; wing photo); Winder & Silva, 1972: 653 (larval habits; Brazil); Winder, 1977: 60 (larval habits; Brazil); Wirth et al. 1988: 15 (in Atlas; wing photo; distrib.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 80 (in catalog); Ronderos & Spinelli, 1998: 82 (Argentina records); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 28 (in catalog); Mellor et al. 2000: 313 (epidemiology); Silva et al. 2001: 353 (records for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil); Soria et al. 2002: 320 (records for Pará, Brazil); Ronderos et al. 2003: 22 (record for the Yacyreta Dan lake area); Spinelli et al. 2005: 138 (in key, Argentina); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 63 (in catalog).

Distribution: USA (Florida) to Central and South America to northeastern Argentina.

New records: PERU, Cajamarca, Provincia de San Ignacio, Distrito de La Coipa, Papayal Bajo, 13.II.2002, 1 female, biting human; Loreto, Provincia de Maynas, Distrito de Iquitos, 18/19.II.2001, 17/18.V.2001, 53 females, CDC light trap; Madre de Dios, Provincia de Tombopata, Distrito de Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 1 male, CDC light trap.

2. Culicoides (Culicoides) hondurensis Spinelli & Borkent, 2004

Culicoides hondurensis Spinelli & Borkent, 2004: 369 (female, male; El Salvador, Honduras; figs.); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 64 (in catalog).

Distribution: El Salvador, Honduras, Peru.

New records: PERU, Cajamarca, Provincia San Ignacio: Distrito La Coipa, Papayal Bajo, 13.II.2002, 1 female, biting human; Distrito San Ignacio, Marizagua, IV.2000, 1 female, CDC light trap; Piura, Provincia Huancabamba, Distrito Huancabamba, VI.2000, 1 female, CDC light trap.

3. Culicoides (Haematomyidium) debilipalpis Lutz, 1913

Culicoides debilipalpis Lutz, 1913: 60 (female; Brazil; fig. wing); Macfie, 1937: 7 (female; redescript.; Trinidad and Tobago); Floch & Abonnenc, 1942a: 3 (Guyana; figs. wing, palpus); Barbosa, 1952: 12 (Argentina, Brazil; fig. palpus); Forattini, 1957: 383 (in part.; redescript.; figs. eyes separation, antenna, palpus, wing, male genitalia; distrib.); Wirth & Blanton, 1959: 442 (redescript.; figs.; Panama); Franca-Rodriguez, 1963: 67 (Uruguay); Messersmith, 1964: 339 (Viginia; breeding site); Smith & Varnell, 1967: 520 (Florida; tree holes); Wirth & Blanton, 1971a: 34 (redescript.; distrib.); Wirth & Blanton, 1971b: 75 (khalafi as syn.; notes); Aitken et al. 1975: 119 (Trinidad and Tobago records); Blanton & Wirth, 1979: 78 (redescript.; figs. eyes separation, antenna, palpus, wing, hind leg, spermathecae, male genitalia; distrib.); Vitale et al. 1981: 149 (notes; Panama); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 72 (in catalog, syn. lahillei); Spinelli & Ronderos 1997: 304 (revalidation); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 32 (in catalog); Ronderos et al. 2003: 22 (record for the Yacyreta Dan lake area); Spinelli et al. 2005: 141 (in key, Argentina); Trindade & Gorayeb, 2005: 67 (records for Pará, Brazil); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 66 (in catalog).

Culicoides ichesi Ronderos & Spinelli, 1995: 77 (female; Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay; figs. eyes separation, antenna, palpus, legs, spermathecae); Ronderos & Spinelli, 1998: 81 (in key; record for the Yacyreta Dan lake area).

Culicoides khalafi Beck, 1957: 104 (male, female; Florida; fig. male genitalia).

Culicoides lahillei Spinelli & Wirth, 1986: 62 (misident., in part., syn. debilipalpis); Wirth et al. 1988: 48 (in Atlas; wing photo; distrib.); Spinelli et al. 1989: 735 (in list; diurnal activity); Spinelli & Ronderos, 1991: 91 (record for the Salto Grande Dan lake area); Spinelli & Martinez, 1991: 171 (in key; Uruguay); Waller et al. 1990: 352 (redescript.; Guyana; wing photo).

Distribution: Widely distributed, from southeastern United States south to 35° S in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

New records: PERU, Amazonas, Provincia de Utcubamba: Distrito de Cajaruro, El Aliso, 6.I.2002, 7 females, biting human; San Antonio, 22.IV.2001, 12.V.2001, 13.V.2001, 13.X.2001, 10.XI.2001, 11.XI.2001, 8.XII.2001, 7.I.2002, 24.II.2002, 15.III.2002, 17.III.2002, A.Gonzales-Perez, 77 females, biting human; Distrito de Jamalca, El Aserradero, 1.V.2001, 5.VI.2001, A.Gonzales-Perez, 6 females, biting human; Distrito Lonya Grande, El Rejo, 13.IV.2001, 4 females, biting human; Cajamarca, Provincia de San Ignacio: Distrito La Coipa, Papayal Bajo, 13.II.2002, 15 females, biting human; Distrito San Ignacio, Marizagua, IV.2000, 2 females, CDC light trap; Loreto, Provincia de Maynas, Distrito de Iquitos, 18/19.II.2001, 5 females, CDC light trap; Madre de Dios, Provincia Tombopata, Distrito Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 3 females, CDC light trap.

4. Culicoides (Haematomyidium) lahillei (Iches, 1906)

Ceratopogon lahillei Iches, 1906: 264 (female; Argentina, Chaco; figs., female, antenna, palpus, proboscis); Cavalieri & Chiossone, 1966: 147 (sp. Inquir.); Spinelli & Wirth, 1986: 62 (in key; syn. debilipalpis; wing photo erroneous); Wirth et al. 1988: 48 (in Atlas; syn. debilipalpis; wing photo erroneous, distrib.); Ronderos & Spinelli, 1995: 80 (female redescript.; figs. eyes separation, antenna, palpus, wing); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 72 ( in catalog; debilipalpis as syn.); Spinelli & Ronderos, 1997: 305 (male description); Ronderos & Spinelli, 1998: 81 (in key; Argentina, Paraguay); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 32 (in catalog); Soria et al. 2002: 320 (records for Pará, Brazil); Ronderos et al. 2003: 22 (record for the Yacyreta Dan lake area); Spinelli et al. 2005: 5 (in key; Argentina); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 67 (in catalog).

Culicoides debilipalpis Costa Lima, 1937: 415 (in key; fig. palpus); Forattini, 1957: 383 (in part, at least specimens from Chaco, Argentina).

Distribution: Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Jujuy, Misiones), Peru, southeastern Brazil, Paraguay (Encarnacion, Capitan Meza).

New records: PERU, Amazonas, Provincia de Utcubamba: Distrito de Jamalca, El Aserradero, 21.X.2001, 6 females, biting human.

5. Culicoides (Hoffmania) foxi Ortiz, 1950

Culicoides foxi Ortiz, 1950a: 461 (male; Puerto Rico; figs.); Ortiz, 1951b: 4 (male, female; Venezuela; figs.); Fox, 1953: 888 (notes; Puerto Rico); Wirth & Blanton, 1956: 309 (male, female; figs; distrib.); Forattini, 1957: 205 (redescrib.; figs; Brazil distrib.); Wirth & Blanton, 1959: 283 (redescrib.; figs.; Panama distrib.); Fox & Garcia-Moll, 1961: 120 (notes; Puerto Rico); Williams, 1964: 463 (larval habitats; Trinidad and Tobago); Aitken et al. 1968: 265 (habits; Trinidad and Tobago); Tikasingh, 1972: 447 (habits); Wirth, 1974: 24 (catalog); Wirth & Blanton, 1973: 434 (Amazon records, Brazil); Aitken et al. 1975: 124 (Trinidad and Tobago records; wing photo); Ramirez Perez, 1984: 62 (Venezuela records); Greiner et al. 1984: 389 (Caribbean records); Spinelli & Wirth, 1986: 51 (in key); Greiner & Rawlins, 1987: 153 (Jamaica records); Lien & Lu, 1987: 93 (redescript.; Bolivia; wing photo); Wirth et al. 1988: 16 (in Atlas; wing photo; distrib.); Greiner et al. 1989: 101 (Trinidad and Tobago records); Waller et al. 1990: 357 (notes; Guyana; wing photo); Spinelli & Ronderos, 1991: 88 (notes; Argentina records); Spinelli et al. 1993: 41 (diagnosis; distrib.; figs.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 68 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 34 (in catalog); Silva et al. 2001: 353 (records for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil); Soria et al. 2002: 320 (records for Pará, Brazil; Prov. Leoncio Prado, Peru); Ronderos et al. 2003: 22 (record for the Yacyreta Dan lake area); Laender et al. 2004: 145 (records for Minas Gerais, Brazil); Spinelli et al. 2005: 139 (in key, Argentina); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 68 (in catalog).

Culicoides diabolicus Hoffman, 1925, of author, misident., in partim; Floch & Abonnenc, 1942a: 2 (notes; Guyana; figs.).

Culicoides guttatus (Coquillett, 1904), of author, misident., in partim; Fox, 1948: 23 (female; Venezuela); Fox, 1949: 31 (male, female; Puerto Rico); Fox & Kohler, 1950: 342 (biology; Puerto Rico).

Distribution: Mexico to Central and South America to Bolivia and Argentina; West Indies.

New records: PERU, Amazonas, Provincia de Utcubamba: Distrito de Cumba, Pitiana, 30/31.I.2001, A.G. Cáceres, 1 female, CDC light trap; Distrito de Lonya Grande, San Isidro, 14.IV. 2001, 1 male (CDC light trap), 2 females (biting human); Loreto, Provincia de Maynas, Distrito de Iquitos, 16.VI.2000, 2 females, biting human; Madre de Dios, Provincia de Tombopata, Distrito de Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 2,891 females, CDC light trap; San Martin, Provincia de San Martin, Distrito de Juan Guerra, El Porvenir, 24.II.2001, 2 females, CDC light trap.

6. Culicoides (Hoffmania) ocumarensis Ortiz, 1950b

Culicoides ocumarensis Ortiz, 1950b: 455 (male, female; Venezuela; figs); Ortiz & Leon, 1955: 571 (notes; Ecuador; figs.); Wirth, 1974: 25 (in catalog); Lien & Lu, 1987: 93 (notes; Bolivia; wing photo); Wirth et al. 1988: 18 (in Atlas; wing photo; distrib.); Spinelli et al. 1993: 63 (diagnosis; distrib.; figs.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 77 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 34 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 69 (in catalog).

Culicoides diabolicus Hoffman, of authors, misident., in partim; Macfie, 1932: 488 (notes; Colombia record; habits); Wirth & Blanton, 1956: 316 (syn. ocumarensis); Wirth & Blanton, 1959: 280 (syn ocumarensis).

Culicoides lutzi Costa Lima, of authors, misident., in partim; Forattini, 1957: 238 (syn. ocumarensis).

Culicoides insignis Lutz, of authors, misident., in partim; Floch & Abonnenc, 1942b: 2 (male; Guyana; figs.); Barbosa, 1944: 259 (male, female; Pernambuco, Brazil; figs.).

Culicoides recifei Barbosa, 1947: 25 (Pernambuco, Brazil; n. sp. for insignis Lutz of Barbosa, 1944); Barbosa, 1952: 20 (validation).

Culicoides filariferus Hoffman, of authors, misident., in partim; Aitken et al. 1975: 121 (syn. ocumarensis; Trinidad and Tobago records; wing photo).

Distribution: Widely distributed, from Florida to 35° S in Argentina.

New records: PERU, Madre de Dios, Provincia de Tombopata, Distrito de Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 17 females, CDC light trap; San Martin, Provincia de San Martin, Distrito de Juan Guerra, El Porvenir, 24.II.2001, 13 females, CDC light trap (12 females), biting sheep (1 female).

7. Culicoides (Hoffmania) paraignacioi Spinelli, 1993

Culicoides paraignacioi Spinelli, in Spinelli, Greiner & Wirth, 1993: 66 (male, female; Belize, Costa Rica, Guyana, Colombia, Brazil; figs.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 78 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 34 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 69 (in catalog).

Distribution: Belize, Costa Rica, Guyana, Colombia, Brazil, Peru.

New records: PERU, Madre de Dios, Provincia de Tombopata, Distrito de Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 1 female, CDC light trap.

8. Culicoides (Hoffmania) plaumanni Spinelli, 1993

Culicoides plaumanni Spinelli, in Spinelli, Greiner & Wirth, 1993: 69 (female; Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil; figs.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 79 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 34 (in catalog); Spinelli et al. 2005: 139 (in key; Argentina); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 69 (in catalog).

Distribution: Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina.

New records: PERU, Loreto, Provincia de Maynas, Distrito de Iquitos, 14.VI.2001, 2 females, biting human; Madre de Dios, Provincia de Tombopata, Distrito de Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 139 females, CDC light trap.

9. Culicoides (Mataemyia) bricenoi Ortiz, 1951

Culicoides bricenoi Ortiz, 1951a: 445 (male; Venezuela; figs. male genitalia, wing); Ortiz, 1951b: 10 (in key); Fox, 1955: 223, 230 (in catalog); Ortiz & Leon, 1955: 567, 570 (in key; female; Ecuador); Forattini, 1957: 348 (redescript.; figs. male genitalia, wing); Wirth & Blanton, 1973: 428 (Amazon records, Brazil; figs. antenna, eye separation, legs, palpus, spermathecae, tibial comb, wing); Wirth et al. 1988: 36 (in Atlas; wing photo; distrib.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 63 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 35 (in catalog); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 70 (in catalog).

Distribution: Venezuela, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia.

New records: PERU, Madre de Dios, Provincia de Tombopata, Distrito de Laberinto, Santa Rosa, 7/8.VIII.2002, 1 female, CDC light trap.

10. Culicoides leopoldoi Ortiz, 1951c, from fluviatilis species group

Culicoides leopoldoi Ortiz, 1951c: 579 (female; Venezuela; figs. antenna, palpus, thorax, wing); Ortiz & Mirsa, 1951: 596 (male; Venezuela; figs. palpus, wing, genitalia); Ortiz & Mirsa, 1952: 127 (redescript.; Venezuela, Panama records; figs. antenna, espermateca, palpus, wing); Forattini, 1957: 409 (redescript.; records for Pernambuco and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; figs.); Wirth & Blanton, 1959: 418 (redescript.; Panama distrib; figs.); Breeland, 1960: 165 (larval habitats; Panama); Williams, 1964: 463 (larval habitats; Trinidad and Tobago); Aitken et al. 1968: 265 (habits); Wirth & Blanton, 1973: 441 (Amazon records, Brazil); Aitken et al. 1975: 131 (Trinidad and Tobago records; wing photo); Wirth et al. 1988: 45 (in Atlas; wing photo; distrib.); Borkent & Wirth, 1997: 73 (in catalog); Ronderos & Spinelli, 1998: 80 (in key; Argentina, Paraguay); Borkent & Spinelli, 2000: 39 (in catalog); Silva et al. 2001: 353 (records for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil); Ronderos et al. 2003: 22 (record for the Yacyreta Dan lake area); Laender et al. 2004: 376 (records for Minas Gerais, Brazil); Spinelli et al. 2005: 140 (in key; Argentina); Borkent & Spinelli, 2007: 72 (in catalog).

Distribution: Guatemala, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago to Bolivia and northeastern Argentina.

New records: PERU, San Martin, Provincia de San Martin, Distrito de Juan Guerra, El Porvenir, 24.II.2001, 1 male, CDC light trap.

 

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Data Received 18/10/2007
Revised 14/02/2008
Accepted 01/04/2008

 

 

1 Corresponding author: Maria Luiza Felippe-Bauer, e-mail: mlfbauer@ioc.fiocruz.br

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