Occurrence of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in the peridomestic environment in an area of transmission focus for cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Manaus, Amazon

Leishmaniasis is an antropozoonosis with natural foci, in which infection is maintained in wild ecotopes among the population of vectors and their vertebrate hosts. This study identified sand fly species involved in transmission of Leishmaniasis in the east area of Manaus, in households in the neighborhood of Cidade de Deus, where there are outbreaks of human and animal disease. The vicinity is near to Adolpho Ducke forest reserve. In the study, 122 specimens were captured at different times, using the CDC light traps. The most commonly encountered species of phlebotomine sandflies were Lutzomyia umbratilis, L. rorotaensis and L. olmeca nociva. Near one of the residences where the collections were made, there was disposal of organic waste, a fact that favors the attraction of animal reservoirs in the forest reserve, thus enabling the occurrence of the disease transmission cycle in the peridomicile.

Manaus; Leishmania; vectors

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia Av. André Araujo, 2936 Aleixo, 69060-001 Manaus AM Brasil, Tel.: +55 92 3643-3030, Fax: +55 92 643-3223 - Manaus - AM - Brazil
E-mail: acta@inpa.gov.br