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Quantification of dietary fiber in some populations of cubiu (Solanum sessiliflonun dunal), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia (H.B.K) Mc Vaugh) and açai (euterpe oleracea mart)

Considering the relevance of the dietary fiber in the protection, maintenance and recovery of health, and the shortage of tables of chemical composition of food concerning Amazon fruits, the amount of alimentary fiber was determined in some populations of cubiu (Solanum sessiliflomm Dunal), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia (H.B.K) Mc Vaugh) and açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart), by the enzymatic-gravimetric method. The fruits had several origins: cubiu from the Experimental Station of the INPA/CPCA, camu-camu from the district of Barcelos and along Amazonas river basin, and açaí from Solimões river basin. The results showed that the concentration of total and insoluble alimentary fiber in the samples of açaí from Benjamin Constant (7,66±0,33 g and 6.60±0,18 g) and Anamà (7,45±0,25 g and 6,51 ±0,04 g) was significantly higher (p <0,05) than that of other origins. The largest concentrations of total alimentary fiber in cubiu were detected in the Alejo (4,38±0,0 g) and ACSI (3,88±0,I8 g) samples, being pointed out that the fraction analyzed included the peel, whose contribution was significantly larger (p <0,05) in the insoluble, soluble and total fractions. In the same way, the total (6,18±0,25 g) and insoluble (5,08±0,I4 g) alimentary fiber of the peel of camu-camu, were superior to the found in the other samples. Therefore, cubiu, camu-camu and açai are important sources dietary fiber, and can contribute to the nutritional adjustment of the Amazon population.

Dietary fiber; cubiu; açaí and camu-camu; nutrition

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