Faciological and stratigraphical analysis of Soure's coastal plain (eastern Marajó island-Pará), between Cajuúna channel and Paracauari estuary

Soures's coastal plain, eastern Marajó island (Pará), is formed by muddy and sandy deposits, low gradient areas submitted to tidal and wave processes. The morphological features are tidal flats, estuaries, tidal channels and barrier-beach ridges . The faciological and stratigraphical analysis of six vibra-core with medium deph of four meters and from outcrops allowed a caracterization of depositional environments, temporal sequence and spacial corelation, the elaboration of stratigraphical seccions and column. Were identified five facies associations: (1) tidal flat facies, (2) mangrove facies, (3) tidal channel bar facies, (4) beach facies and (5) dune facies. The sedimentary history of the Soure coastal plain is represented by two stratigraphical successions: (1) progradational succession (tidal flat, mangrove and channel bar facies association) and (2) retrogradational succession (beach and dune facies association). These successions are related to a expansion phase of tidal flats and mangroves with progradation of the coastline (Middle/Late Holocene) and a posterior retrogradation phase with landward migration of the shoreline (Late Holocene). The depositional history of the Soure coastal plain is related to the holocenic evolution model of the northeast coastal plains of Pará.

Depositional environment; Holocene; stratigraphical facies; Amazon


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