Accessibility / Report Error

Effect of temperature on germination of orinoco apple (Solanum sessiliflorum) seeds in the dark

The objective of this study was to determine the influence ofconstant (20, 25, 30 and 35°C) and alternating (12 / 12 hours:20:30°C and 20:35°C) temperatureson seed germinationin a cultivated population of Orinoco apple (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) in the absense of light. Percentage of germination and germination velocity index (G.V.I.) were evaluated. The 20:35°C and 20:30°C alternating temperatures presented similar germination, 68.7% and 65.5%, and G.V.I., 33.7 and 32.7, respectively. Germination at constant temperature was very much reduced, varying from 0 to 1 %.

Alternating temperature; viability; germination velocity

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia Av. André Araujo, 2936 Aleixo, 69060-001 Manaus AM Brasil, Tel.: +55 92 3643-3030, Fax: +55 92 643-3223 - Manaus - AM - Brazil