Liming effect and correction of the Ca and Mg contents of the soil on angelim-pedra (Dinizia excelsa Ducke) seedling growth

Knowledge of nutritional requirements of the species and their answers to correcting the substratum is fundamental for the production of quality seedlings. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the effect of different limestone types and the correction of Ca and Mg deficiency on the development of angelim-pedra (Dinizia excelsa) seedlings, under glasshouse conditions. We tested three types of limestone and three types of Ca:Mg provisioning on a Yellow Oxisol (with non-corrective acidity sources): T0 & control; T1 & soil limed with dolomitic lime (3:1); T2 & soil limed with magnesium lime (9:1); T3 & soil limed with calcitic lime (15:1); T4 & a mixture of calcium and magnesium, in the 3:1 proportion; T5 & calcium and magnesium, in the 9:1 proportion; and T6 & calcium and magnesium, in the 15:1 proportion. The experimental design was of random blocks, with 5 repetitions, totaling 35 parcels with 3 seedlings each. The substratum was fertilized with doses equivalent to 100-250-150 and 15 k ha-1 of N, P2O5, K2O and S respectively, and micronutrient solution (3 mL of Chelamix L-1 of distilled water). We evaluated the height, diameter of the stem, dry biomass of the aerial part, dry biomass of the root, dry biomass of the drought, aerial part/root relation and nutrient contents of the aerial part of the plants. The limestone application affected positively the height, the diameter, the matter total biomass and the absorption of Ca of the D. excelsa seedlings (p<0,05). The application of magnesium lime with Ca:Mg 9:1 proportion showed the best results.

seedling formation; liming; Dinizia excelsa

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