Diagnosis and treatment of Paget's disease of bone: a mini-review

Diagnóstico e tratamento da doença de Paget dos ossos: uma minirrevisão

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a chronic progressive disorder of bone metabolism that may go undetected for many years, and endocrinologists should be alert to its clinical signs and promptly diagnose and treat PDB before it results in irreversible complications, such as deformity, fracture or neurological sequelae. Most commonly, PDB is suspected upon the incidental finding of elevated serum alkaline phosphatase levels or a radiographic abnormality in an otherwise healthy individual above 55 years of age. Some of these individuals may have symptoms such as bone pain or enlargement with increased warmth. In general, a basic laboratory evaluation of bone metabolism, plain radiographies of affected bones and bone scintigraphy are sufficient to corroborate the diagnosis. Antiresorptive therapy with bisphosphonates is the mainstay of treatment of symptomatic PDB, and intravenous zoledronic acid has emerged as an effective and safe treatment option, leading to sustained remission and improved quality of life. It is extremely important, though, to ensure calcium and vitamin D sufficiency before and during treatment in order to prevent hypocalcemia. The benefit of treating all asymptomatic patients is not clear, but treatment is warranted if the pagetic lesion is located in a site where progression to fracture, deformity, or compression would significantly impair the patient quality of life. This mini-review focuses on important aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of PDB.

Paget's disease of bone; bisphosphonates; zoledronic acid; osteoclast; antiresorptive treatment

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