OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between elevated levels of plasmatic adiponectin (AdipoQ) and low cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in obese women (ObW). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case-control study, matched by age, of 306 ObW, BMI > 30 kg/m², with 66 cases (21.6%) - all non-hypertensive, normolipidemic, and non-diabetic - conducted in SUS (Brazil's Public Health System) outpatient referral services for obesity in the City of Salvador, Brazil. Secondary data were collected from medical records; primary and complementary data were obtained from a clinical pathology laboratory. Values of AdipoQ > 10.00 µg/ml (> 3rd quartile) were considered elevated. Descriptive, bivariate, and conditional logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: A statistically significant positive association between low CMR and AdipoQ > 10.00 µg/ml in physically active (AOR = 5.1; CI95%: 1.8-14.3), non-smoking (AOR = 3.6;CI95%: 1.6-8.4) ObW was found. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that physically active, non-smoking ObW, with higher AdipoQ levels, present greater chances of a low CMR. It becomes important to reinforce encouragement of the adoption of healthy behaviors, by means of public policies.
Adiponectin; cardiometabolic risk; obese women