Apnéia do sono em obesos

Marcio C. Mancini Flavio Aloe Stella Tavares About the authors

Obesity is a disease with high prevalence and obese individuals have a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). OSAS is a chronic, progressive, incapacitating disease with high cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Clinical symptoms include snoring, respiratory pauses, agitated sleep, nocturia, sudoresis, excessive sleepiness, headache in the morning, neurocognitive deficits, personality and libido changes, depressive symptoms and irritability. Anatomic and functional factors can contribute to the instability of the upper respiratory tract. The confirmations is made by the polisomnography, that also stablish severity criteria. Treatment is based in four points: obesity, behavioral, physical and surgical treatments. In selected patients, some drugs can be useful. Hypothyroidism must be always screened. Intraoral ortesis were developed and patients with normal weight with specific palatopharingeal changes have better chances to success in surgery (uvulopalatopharingoplasty)

Sleep apnea; Obesity; Diagnosis; Treatment

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