Morphogenetic and structural variables of sorghum implanted with different population arrangements under continuous grazing

L.S. Rodrigues D.C. Alves Filho I.L. Brondani V.S. Silva P.C. Paula S.M. Adams P.M. Martini A.P.M. Martini About the authors

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of using different population arrangements in the implementation of sorghum in the morphogenetic and structural characteristics of the pasture. The treatments were 22 or 44cm between rows and 12 or 24kg ha-1 of seed. The grazing method was continuous. The sample consisted of 36 heifers with an average age of 15 months and average body weight of 262kg. Morphogenic variables were not significantly influenced (P>0.05) by population arrangements and evaluation periods, elongation rate and leaf senescence of 1.43 and 1.11cm afilho-1 day-1 being obtained, respectively, and leaf appearance rate of leaf appearance leaves the range of 0.28 day-1 and 1afilho 3.81 days, phyllochron and leaf duration of life of 72.99 and 351.68 degree day, in that order. The structural characteristics of the pasture were influenced by evaluation periods. From the first to the third evaluation period, a reduction of 65.53% in the number of leaves in stretching and 47.79% in the number of living leaves was verified.

Keywords:
elongation rate; seed density; Sorghum bicolor; row spacing; senescence rate

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