Time-domain signal-averaged electrocardiogram in healthy German Shepherd and Boxer dogs

Eletrocardiograma de alta resolução (ECGAR) no domínio do tempo em cães sadios das raças Pastor Alemão e Boxer

P.P.C. Chamas V.M.C. Oliveira F.L. Yamaki M.H.M.A. Larsson

Signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) identifies ventricular late potentials (LP), low-amplitude electrical signals that are markers of slow cardiac conduction in fibrous myocardium, consisting in a predictive factor for sudden death in dogs at risk of sustained ventricular tachycardia. The aim of this study was to establish reference values of SAECG for German Shepherd and Boxer dogs. SAECG was performed in 19 German Shepherd and 28 Boxer client-owned dogs, and parameters analyzed were QRSd (duration of filtered QRS), LAS<40μV (duration of low-amplitude signals in terminal portion of filtered QRS) and RMS40 (root square of mean voltage over the last 40 milliseconds of filtered QRS), with two different filters (25-250 Hz and 40-250 Hz). Statistical analyses was achieved by T Student test (p<0.05) to identify differences between the two groups and between the values obtained with the two filters. No statistical difference was found in SAECG variables between the two breeds with the two different filters (p>0.05). Achieving normal values of SAECG in German Shepherd and Boxer dogs is important to further research late potentials in animals of these breeds with hereditary ventricular tachycardia or arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy and identification of individuals at high risk of cardiac-related sudden death.

canine; high-resolution electrocardiography; ventricular tachycardia; arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

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