Genetic characterization of Brycon orbignyanus using the semi-natural system

N.M. Lopera-Barrero L. Vargas R.N. Sirol R.P. Ribeiro J.A. Povh C.A. Mangolin About the authors

The effect of the semi-natural system on the genetic diversity of a Brycon orbignyanus stock, used in stock enhancement programs, was evaluated with the RAPD molecular marker. Twenty-four broodstocks - 12 males and 12 females - and 95 larvae of the offspring were analyzed. The nine used primers produced 90 fragments, of which 94.4% were polymorphic. There was significant difference in the frequency of 20 out of the 90 fragments between the broodstocks and their offspring without the presence of exclusive fragments. The Shannon genetic diversity index, the percentage of polymorphic fragments and the Nei gene diversity were higher in the offspring individuals. Genetic similarity was higher in broodstock individuals. The analysis of molecular variance results showed that the major part of the genetic variation is within the groups (89.1%) and not between them (10.9%). The identity and genetic distance between the groups were 0.944 and 0.057, respectively. Like this, the use of the semi-natural system avoided the mortality of B. orbignyanus broodstocks and conserved the genetic variability of the offspring.

piracanjuba; genetic similarity; genetic variability; RAPD; stock enhancement programs

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