We compared two models (with or without maternal effect) in the estimation of genetic parameters through Bayes Factor (BF) and the Deviance Information Criterion (DIC). Additionally, we evaluated the genetic, maternal and phenotypic trends in Tabapuã bovine growth characteristics in the state of Bahia. The model that included the maternal effect provided smaller BF values (167,629.2; 117,341.2 and 124,804.8) and DIC (174,550.0; 120,242.7 and 128,037.2) for weights at 205 (W205), 365 (W365) and 550 (W550) days of age, respectively. The average estimates, a posteriori, the direct and maternal heritability (0.33, 0.43 and 0.44) and (0.15, 0.14 and 0.16) for the three characteristics, respectively. Genetic trends for direct effect were 0.4415 and 0.3613kg/year for W205 and W365 and presented increases of 0.25 and 0.15% in the average characteristics of the year. The phenotypic trend for W205 was 0.7039kg/year. Maternal genetic trends for the three characteristics showed losses and indicate absence of selection matrices for good maternal ability. Despite the magnitude of the estimated direct and maternal heritability, they indicate genetic gain opportunities, genetic and phenotypic trends indicated few direct gains and no gains for maternal ability.
cattle; maternal effect; bayesianinference