Effect of lipid sources and digestible energy levels on the productive and reproductive performance of gilts

P.C. Brustolini F.C.O. Silva J.L. Donzele J.A.F. Veloso D.O. Fontes J.L. Kill About the authors

The effect of lipid sources (coconut oil and soybean oil) and digestible energy (DE) levels (3350, 3450, 3550 and 3650kcal DE/kg of diet) on the performance and reproductive traits of 64 Landrace gilts, averaging 58.703±.26kg, in a randomized block design, with four replicates, was evaluated. Daily weight gain (DWG), daily energy gain (DEG) and feed:gain ratio (F/G) linearly increased (P<.01) as the dietary DE levels increased. Backfat thickness (BT) quadractly increased, according to the dietary DE levels. No treatment effects on daily feed intake and daily lysine intake were observed. Age at puberty and number of corpora lutea, increased linearly (P<.01) according to the dietary DE levels. Dietary digestible energy levels did not affect (P>.10) age at puberty, number of viable embryos, fertilization rate and embryo mortality. Gilts fed on coconut oil as energy source of the diet showed the best DWG, while those fed on soybean oil were more efficient to increase BT. Reposition Landrace gilts from 60kg until breeding age (at the second heat) fed on adjust controlled diets require 3650 DE/kg of diet for better performance and reproductive results, independently of the energy source.

swine; coconut oil; nutrition; soybean oil; reproduction; finishing

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