In osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), the shoulder joint is most commonly involved, but the stifle is occasionally involved and often goes unnoticed. Early surgical treatment is indicated to remove loose cartilage and minimize osteoartrosis. Putative benefits of Osteochondral Autograft Transfer (OAT) over conventional techniques include accurate reconstruction of subchondral and articular contour, resurfacing with hyaline or hyaline-like cartilage, and creation of an immediate barrier between synovial fluid and subchondral bone. The purpose of this work is to report the technique of OATs for the treatment of osteochondritis of the femoral condyle. A canine attended the Laboratory of Comparative Orthopedics and Traumatology USP-FMVZ underwent surgery after being diagnosed with OCD of the femoral condyle, with significant clinical improvement at 30 days postoperatively.
dog; stifle; orthopedics