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Clinical and microbiological effects of copaiba oil (Copaifera officinalis) on dental plaque forming bacteria in dogs

The copaiba oil (Copaifera officinalis) potential was evaluated in preventing periodontal disease and reducing its etiology. For that 18 mongrel dogs were homogeneously distributed in three groups: test (copaiba oil), positive control (chlorexidine) and negative control. The treatments were carried out three times a day, during eight days. On the 9th day, the animals were tested with a 0.5% basic solution of fuchsin for the detection of biofilm. Changes in halitosis and gingivitis were daily observed. In addition, the following laboratory tests were done: inhibition of the adherence of Streptococcus mutans, and plaque forming bacteria antimicrobial assays by the agar diffusion method. The results of the fuchsin test showed that dental plaque reached areas of 53.4±8.8%, 28.5±5.4%, and 22.3±5.3% in the negative control, positive control, and test groups, respectively, showing differences between dogs from the negative control group and dogs from the other two groups (P<0.05). Furthermore, halitosis and gingivitis decreased in the copaiba group animals when compared with the negative group (P<0.05). The results of the attachment inhibition and agar diffusion tests showed that copaiba induced better effects against the microorganisms as compared to the results of the other groups (P<0.05). These findings suggest that copaiba oil may effectively replace chlorexidine for oral antimicrobial therapy and prevention of periodontal disease.

dog; gingivitis; dental plaque; preventive dentistry

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Caixa Postal 567, 30123-970 Belo Horizonte MG - Brazil, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2041, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2042 - Belo Horizonte - MG - Brazil