Contraceptive effect of Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw) in rats with experimental endometriosis

Efeito anticoncepcional da Uncaria tomentosa (unha-de-gato) em ratas com endometriose experimental

João Nogueira Neto Frederico Lucas Lima Paiva Cavalcante Rafael Antonio Freire Carvalho Taciana Gabrielle Pinheiro de Moura Rodrigues Mariana Santana Xavier Pablo Gustavo Ribeiro Furtado Eduardo Schor About the authors

PURPOSE: Evaluate the histological changes in parenchyma´s epithelial layer of the uterus and ovarian of rats with induced endometriosis, treated with Uncaria tomentosa extract. METHODS: 29 rats with experimental endometriosis, were selected and divided in three groups: The uncaria group received 32mg/ml of Uncaria tomentosa extract, 1ml administered daily and the placebo group received 1ml of saline 0.9% per day, during for 14 days (both groups); the leuprolide group received leuprolide acetate 1mg/kg body weight applied single subcutaneous dose. In the 15th day of treatment the uterine horn and ovaries were removed for histopathological analysis. RESULTS: The uncaria group presented nine samples (90%) with immature ovarian follicles, whereas the placebo group did not present any case and in the leuprolide group there were eight rats (88%) with the same change. The placebo group showed mature corpus luteum in all animals, occurring less frequent in uncaria (10%) and leuprolide (22%) groups. The uterine epithelium showed weak proliferative in nine (90%) samples of the uncaria group, in two (20%) animals in the placebo group and seven (77.8%) rats in the leuprolide group. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that Uncaria tomentosa has contraceptive effect.

Endometriosis; Phytotherapy; Contraception; Rats

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