14 - ORIGINAL ARTICLE
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTRE
Educational and research activity of the Department of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research, Institute of Surgery at the Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen in Hungary
Norbert NemethI; Istvan FurkaII; Iren MikoIII
IPhD, Associate Professor, vice-chair, honorary member of the SOBRADPEC
IIPhD, Emeritus Professor, former chair (1986-2000), head of Microsurgical Education and Training Center of the Department
IIIPhD, Full Professor, chair (2000-2013)
Since 2007 our department could establish a very fruitful and important connection with the SOBRADPEC by the first author of this paper, thanking especially to Professor Saul Goldenberg and to Professor Edna F.S. Montero. By these connections and when attending the unforgettable congresses in Cuiaba (2007), Ribeirao Preto (2011) and in Belem (2012), we could exchange scientific and organizational concerns1-4.
With Prof. Montero, the relationship is existing since 1998, where the second and third author have met her in London/Ontario at the Congress of the International Society for Experimental Microsurgery (ISEM), that was organized by Prof. Robert Zhong5. Also the good contact had been continued later on the consecutive ISEM Congresses (2000 Catania, 2002 San Diego, 2004 Debrecen, 2006 Montreal, 2008 Shanghai, 2010 São Paulo and 2012 Timisoara)6-10. Under the aegis of the ISEM, of which President was Prof. Montero (2010-2012), the Brazilian connection always presented a very important value for us.
Based upon the invitation by Professor Saul Goldenberg we have the honour to introduce the educational and research activity of our department, with the motto: experimental surgery is a big, international family.
Brief history of the Department
The University of Debrecen Medical and Health Science Center Department of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research (http://www.surg.res.dote.hu) deals with education and surgery-related basic- and applied research. The Department is one of the departments of the Institute of Surgery, with independent finance functioning and stuffing structure, as well as with own educational and research activity11-12.
The predecessor of the Department, The Institute of Surgical Anatomy and Operative Techniques, was established in the academic year of 1950/51, of which first director was Dr. Denes Nagy. One year later, the Institute was directed by Prof. Dr. Gyorgy Bornemisza between 1952-1986. The name of the Institute from 1972 was Institute of Experimental Surgery. Between 1986-2000 the head of the Institute was Prof. Dr. Istvan Furka, and from 2000 Prof. Dr. Iren Miko. The name of the Institute in 2000 was changed to Institute of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research, than in 2004, by forming the integrated Institute of Surgery, it became its' independent Department.
The Department of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research is located in two buildings on ~1.300 square meters.
The Microsurgical Education and Training Centre (head: Prof. Istvan Furka) provides seven training stages with seven microscopes, with camera and photo as well as with DVD recording systems. In three operating theatres on total of six operative tables we provide the room for practices on biomodels or on anesthetized living large animals by accredited educational programs. Our Hemorheological Research Laboratory (head: Norbert Nemeth) provide a wide range of special rheological measurements in a unique combination being adapted for experimental surgery on various animal species: from murine to porcine models.
Keeping and valuing the traditions and scientific and educational treasure, museums and permanent public exhibitions have been settled in the department: Museum of Surgical Suture Materials, Exhibition of Surgical Staplers' History, Sun Lee Microsurgical Museum, Memorial Place for Janos Veres (inventor of the Veres-needle that is used for laparoscopic interventions worldwide), Extra Gallery.
Education, research and activities in the service of clinical practices: are our aims.
Main educational programs
The Department has a wide range of educational activity and programs. On graduate level, we teach main compulsory subjects, compulsory and freely chosen elective courses (Table 1) both in Hungarian and English Program.
TABLE 1 - Subjects and courses of the Department at graduate level in Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy.
On postgraduate level, we organize Ph.D. courses, and within the confines of the Resident Education Program, besides the nine accredited courses on the Continuous Postgraduate Educational Program with special trainings, we have the one-month skill training, which is obligatory for every resident of the operative medicine (which had been a three-week long "Operative Techniques Training" course previously) (Table 2).
TABLE 2 - Courses of the Department at postgraduate level.
In addition, we regularly take part in refresher courses and workshops announced by the Institute of Surgery.
Fields of research interest
The current major research fields of the Department are:
1. Parenchymal organ preservation techniques (especially spleen-salvaging methods: special spleen resection technique and spleen autotranplantation method - which has a three-decade tradition in the Department).
2. Ischemia-reperfusion of different organs and tissues (limbs, liver, kidney, small intestine, muscle-flap, testicles), also related to vascular interventions (vascular anastomoses, creating artificial shunts, implanting vascular grafts).
3. Comparative hemorheological investigations (interspecies and gender differences of hemorheological parameters of experimental/laboratory animals), methodology, adaptation
4. In addition, we take part in different clinical studies with the special instruments of our Hemorheological Research Laboratory.
In the last decades over 300 full articles, dozen of books, over 150 Student Scientific theses and graduation theses, 10 Ph.D dissertations, two habilitations and dozens of scientific grants are the indicators of the scientific activity. Besides these, numerous leader functions can be linked to our core staff members, as a great honor for us and for the whole department (mains: Hungarian Surgical Society, Hungarian Society for Hemorheology, Hungarian Laboratory Animal Society, European Society for Surgical Research, International Society for Clinical Hemorheology, International Society for Experimental Microsurgery).
Everything is in the service of enforcing the relation between research work and clinical practice - and always being open for national and international co-operations.
In the Announcement of the 24th Congress of the Experimental Surgical Section of Hungarian Surgical Society, that will be held in Debrecen, Hungary, on 13-15 June, 2013, the following thoughts were declared: „...We put a premium on the meetings of clinicians' and experts' specialized with research, stimulating discussions and establishing of much more, more closer co-operations, as we believe that this is one of main goal of the experimental surgery. We believe that altogether with the traditions, honoring the masters, supporting talented youth, tight collaboration with the clinicum, the committed education and the devoted research can improve the surgery and the experimental surgery in the further decades, too." - Norbert Nemeth (President of the Congress), Iren Miko (Honorary President of the Congress) and Istvan Furka (Perpetual Honorary President of the Congress).
Received: January 23, 2013
Review: March 21, 2013
Accepted: April 22, 2013
Conflict of interest: none
Financial source: none
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Correspondence:Norbert Nemeth M.D., Ph.D.Department of Operative Techniques and Surgical ResearchMedical and Health Science CenterUniversity of DebrecenH-4032 Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt. 98.P.O. Box: 21. HungaryPhone/Fax: +36-52-416-915
Publication in this collection
20 May 2013
Date of issue