Experimental induction model of hepatic focal necrosis: in rats

José Manoel da Silva Gomes Martinho Heleno Pinto de Moraes Marcelo Enne de Oliveira Lucio Filgueiras Pacheco Moreira Alexandre Cerqueira da Silva Leonel dos Santos Pereira Francisco Maia About the authors

PURPOSE: To investigate the extent of necrosis after the injection of four substances into the liver of rats. METHODS: Twenty-five male Wistar rats (weighting from 200 - 250g) and divided into five groups were used for this study. All the animals underwent a transverse laparotomy, each receiving 0,1ml of the following substances into the liver parenchyma: Saline solution (1st Group - Gr. I), 50% hypertonic glucose (2nd Group - Gr. II), 20% NaCl (3rd Group - Gr. III), 10% formaline solution (4th Group - Gr. IV) and ethanol (5th Group - Gr. V). All the animals were sacrificated 24 hours after surgical procedures. The livers were examined microscopically to measure the extent of induced necrosis. RESULTS: The results achieved were the following: 2829mm² - Gr. I; 3805mm² - Gr. II; 3930mm² - Gr. III; 4532mm² - Gr. IV; and 6432mm² - Gr. V.. Statistical analysis were made with Kruskal-Wallis test and P less than 0,05 were considered statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: 1. A saline solution causes hepatic necrosis, although to a lesser extent than the other substances (P < 0,05). 2. 20% NaCl and 50% hypertonic glucose produce necrosis to the same extent (P > 0,05). 3. The necrosis induced by a 10% formaline solution was greater than that induced by 50% hypertonic glucose (P < 0,05) and 20% NaCl (P > 0,05). 4. The hepatic injection of ethanol produced the most intense hepatic necrosis when compared to saline solution, 20% NaCl, 50% hipertonic glucose and 10% formaline solution (P < 0,05).

Liver; Necrosis; Rats

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