Phosphorus uptake and use efficiency of different cotton cultivars in savannah soil (Acrisol)

Eficiência de absorção e utilização de fósforo por cultivares de algodão em um solo de Cerrado (Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo)

Nericlenes Chaves Marcante Takashi Muroaka Isabeli Pereira Bruno Marcos Antonio Camacho About the authors

ABSTRACT

Low soil phosphorus (P) is a limiting factor for plant growth in the Brazilian savannah, where P diffuses slowly and has a high fixation rate in soil (as Al-P and Fe-P). In this study, we investigated the variation in P uptake by different cotton cultivars grown in savannah soil. We conducted a greenhouse experiment using a fully factorial 2 x 17 randomized design with two P treatments (low P = 20 mg kg-1 and high P = 120 mg kg-1) and 17 cotton cultivars. The plants were potted in Acrisol soil labeled with radioisotope 32P. There was genetic variation in the P use efficiency among the cotton cultivars. The P treatments significantly influenced the dry weight of shoots (DWS), P accumulation, the specific activity of 32P, and the L-value (both the standardized and L-values discounted the P present in the cottonseed). Hierarchical clustering analysis classified the cotton cultivars into distinct, internally homogeneous clusters. Our results suggest that cotton cultivars could be selected to maximize P absorption efficiency in conditions of low plant-available P. The cultivars FMT 523, FM 910 and CNPA GO 2043 were the most responsive to P fertilization, while Barbadense 01, FM 966LL, IPR Jataí, BRS Aroeira and BRS Buriti were most efficient at absorbing plant-available P.

Keywords:
32P activity; G. barbadense; G. hirsutum; Brazilian Cerrado

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