Preliminary evaluation of human health risks from ingestion of organotin contamined seafood in Brazil

  • Basheer, C.; Tan, K. S. & Lee, H. K. 2002. Organotin and Irgarol-1051 contamination in Singapore coastal waters. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 44:697-703.
  • Castro, I. B.; Meirelles, C. A.; Matthews-Cascón, H. & Fernandez, M. A. 2004. Thais (Stramonita) rustica (Lamarck, 1822)(Mollusca: Gastropoda: Thaididae), bioindicator of contamination by organotin compounds in the coast of Natal city, Rio Grande do Norte state in northeast Brazil. Braz. J. Oceanogr., 52(2):43-47.
  • Camillo, E.; Quadros, J.; Castro, I. B. & Fernandez, M. A. 2004. Imposex in Thais rustica (Mollusca: Neogastropoda) (Lamarck, 1822) as an indicator of organotin compound pollution in Maceió coast (Northeastern Brazil). Braz. J. Oceanogr., 52(2):101-105.
  • Cardwell, R. D; Keithly, J. C. & Simmonds, J. 1999. Tributyltin in U.S. market-bought seafood and assessment of human risks. Human Ecol. Risk Assess., 5(2):317-335.
  • Champ, M. A. 2000. A Review of organotin regulatory strategies, pending actions, related costs and benefits. Sci. total Environment, 258:21-71.
  • Chien, L. C.; Hung, T. C; Choang, K. Y.; Yeh, C. Y.; Meng, P. J.; Shieh, M. J. & Han, B. C., 2002. Daily intake of TBT, Cu,Zn, Cd and As for fishermen in Taiwan. Sci. Tot. Env., 285: 177-185.
  • EPA, 1997. Toxicological review: tributyltin oxide (CAS No 56-35-9) in support of summary information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Washington DC. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Fent, K. 1996. Ecotoxicology of organotin compounds. Crit. Rev. Toxicol., 26, 1-117.
  • Fernandez M. A., Wagener A. L. R., Limaverde A. M., Scofield A. L., Pinheiro, F. M. & Rodrigues, E. 2005. Imposex and surface sediment speciation: a combined approach to evaluate organotin contamination in Guanabara bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mar. Env. Res., 59:435-452.
  • Godoi, A. F. L; Montone, R. C. & Santiago-Silva, M. 2003. Determination of butyltin compounds in surface sediments from the São Paulo state coast (Brazil) by gas-chromatography-pulsed flame photometric detection. J. Chrom. A., 985: 205-210.
  • Hoch, M. 2001. Organotin compounds in the environment - an overview. Appl. Geochem., 16: 719-743.
  • Keithly, J. C; Cardwell, R. D. & Henderson, D. G., 1999. Tributyltin in seafood from Asia, Australia, Europe and North America. Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess., 5(2): 337-354.
  • Scott, P. C. & Ross, L. G. 1998. O Potencial da Mitilicultura na Baía de Sepetiba. Panorama da Aquicultura, set/out 1998, p. 13-19 (in Portuguese).
  • Limaverde, A. M. 2002. A study on organotin compounds speciation in Thais (Stramonita) haemastoma by GC-PFPD aiming to evaluate its bioindication potential. PhD Thesis. Rio de Janeiro Ponticificial University, Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese).

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    20 Jan 2009
  • Date of issue
    June 2005
Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico Praça do Oceanográfico, 191 , 05508-120 Cidade Universitária, São Paulo - SP - Brasil, Tel.: (55 11) 3091-6501, Fax: (55 11) 3032-3092 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil