Adaptive plasticity has been postulated as one of the integrating factors that explain the distribution and abundance of species on different habitat with different environmental variations. The environmental heterogeneity is the most important factor for the maintenance, increment or decrement of biodiversity. On this study we determined the effect of periodicity and habitat structure on the richness and composition of species of three different habitat: stream (P1), temporary ponds (P2) and permanent dam (P3) in an agrosystem in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. We performed nine excursions to the field during November 2005 to April 2007. We found and registered the species by direct search and vocalization orientation. We identified 19 anuran species belonging to four families: Bufonidae (one species), Hylidae (nine species), Leptodactylidae (five species), and Leiuperidae (four species). The greatest richness and abundance were recorded in temporary ponds (P2), which differed significantly from the stream (P1) and from the permanent dam (P3). Dendropsophus nanus, Hypsiboas raniceps and Leptodactylus chaquensis showed strong association with P2. P2 and P3 showed greater differentiation between themselves in species composition than when compared to P1. Despite the fact that the studied areas are surrounded by intense farming and present a high degree of anthropic disturbance, these areas showed a high species richness being an important refugee for the amphibians, although the species found on this work are usually associated to impacted areas or open phytophysiognomies and are favored with the creation of artificial environments such as those in this study.
anurofaunal; adaptative plasticity; environmental heterogeneity; habitat structure; anthropic disturbance