Anatomical variations in the male reproductive system of Chaunus ornatus (Wied-Neuwied, 1821) (Anura, Bufonidae)

This work describes morphologic variations in the organs and structures of the male reproductive system in Chaunus ornatus, analyzed independently from the alterations that promote structural variations. Seven adult samples were used, they were collected in Botucatu (São Paulo State, Brazil) during reproductive activity period. The specimens were dissected and rostrum-cloacal length measures were taken. Descriptive and biometrics anatomical analyses were also obtained. Three of these animals were sent to histological routine for the analysis of the testicular architecture, where it was schematized in vegetable paper with pen Indian ink. Statistical analyses (mean, standart deviation, Shapiro-Wilk test, Student's t and Simple Lineal Regression) were used for interpretation of the results. The testes of C. ornatus are cylindrical with white coloration and they possess a rudimentary ovarian structure, the Bidder's organ, in the testicular cranial extremity. The male reproductive system of C. ornatus presents conspicuous anatomical variations intra and interindividuals, especially to the form and size of the testes and of the Bidder's organ, which did not present relationship with the size of individual. As for the location, the testes are disposed ventral to the kidneys, but they are in different levels, accompanying differences attributed to the kidneys levels. The disposition and number of extensions in the abdominal fatty bodies is variable among the pair's members, and consequently among individuals. Histologically differences regarding the germ epithelium arrangement were not observed. The germ epithelium is arranged in seminiferous locule, therefore these characteristics seem to follow the pattern of the description for the other anurans. The morphologic heterogeneity for anatomical variations in that species were few significant. Thus, other studies are still necessary for the establishment of morphologic relations and its phylogenetic implications, as well as to understand how the evolutionary pressures act modeling this anuran structures anatomy.

amphibia; testis; Bidder's organ; fatty bodies

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