Factors associated with recurrent falls in a cohort of older adults

Débora Regina de Oliveira Moura Abreu Rosemeiry Capriata de Souza Azevedo Ageo Mario Candido da Silva Annelita Almeida Oliveira Reiners Hellen Cristina Almeida Abreu About the authors

Abstract

Objective

To analyze the factors associated with recurrent falls in community-dwelling older adults from Cuiabá.

Methods

This is an epidemiological, prospective, concurrent cohort study with a two-year follow-up. In-home surveys were conducted in 2012 and 2013. The data were treated by the software Epi Info and SPSS. Bivariate analysis investigated associations between risk factors and recurrent falls by calculating the relative risk (RR) of the cumulative incidences with a confidence interval of 95% (95%CI). Multiple analysis with Poisson regression included all variables with p < 0.20 in the crude analyses. The significance level of 5% (p < 0.05) was adopted as significant association for remaining in the final model.

Results

Most older adults (77.6%) had recurrent falls. The variables significantly associated with recurrent falls were older adult’s income of up to two minimum salaries (RR = 1.62; 95%CI 1.04-1.77), absence of arthritis or arthrosis (RR = 1.32; 95%CI 1.10-1.48), having regular to very bad self-perceived health (RR = 1.44; 95%CI 1.12-2.04), and having visual impairment (RR = 1.23; 95%CI 1.01 -1.69).

Conclusions

Falls in older adults are associated with low education levels, regular to very bad self-perceived health, visual impairment, and recurrent falls.

Accidents by falls; Older adults; Risk factors

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