Functional skills of children with deficiencies in school inclusion: barriers to effective inclusion

Fernanda Moreira Teles Rosa Resegue Rosana Fiorini Puccini About the authors

The scope of this article is to describe the disabilities of students in the process of inclusion by means of the PEDI - Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted. The population studied included 181 students (7-10 years old) from 31 public schools in São Paulo. Using a questionnaire applied to the caregiver, 197 activities were evaluated in the areas of self-care, mobility and social function. In accordance with the PEDI, differences (p < 0.05) in student performance were observed between grades in the scales of self-care (average of 77.8% in the 1st grade and 95.2% in the 4th grade) and mobility (average of 90% in the 1st grade and 99.8% in the 4th grade); social function had the lowest averages, except for those with physical disabilities, in which the most affected area was mobility (average of 62.7%). The PEDI enabled the identification of disabilities per group and individual disability, which may constitute an important tool for targeted intervention and follow-up at school.

Health of people with deficiencies or disabilities; Children with deficiencies; Rehabilitation; Daily activities

ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Av. Brasil, 4036 - sala 700 Manguinhos, 21040-361 Rio de Janeiro RJ - Brazil, Tel.: +55 21 3882-9153 / 3882-9151 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil