The variety of existing studies addressing the Family Health Strategy (ESF) and its role in the reorientation of the model of care in the country has motivated the systematization of the advances and limitations described in these studies. Thus, this study, from a review of the scientific production on this theme, analyzed if the ESF has been able to modify the model of care. Forty-one articles from the Scielo database published between 2002 and 2010 that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were analyzed. They were fully analyzed in terms of political-institutional, organizational or technical-care dimensions. The results show that despite the improvement in the work process in primary care, its replacement aspect was not seen in the majority of the studies. Universal expansion of access to the health services, extension of coverage and focus were predominant. The changes are observed when analyzed in light of the demand, with better attendance and connectivity. The most evident limits are in the lack of focus on health needs, as in the territorial issue, community participation and the social determinants addressed in an intersectoral way. Different degrees of the implementation of strategy were identified, though they have not yet resulted in system reorganization at local level.
Family Health Program; Health care; Health evaluation