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Brief intervention for agrammatism in Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia: A case report

Intervenção breve para agramatismo em Afasia Progressiva Primária Não Fluente: relato de caso

Abstracts

The non-fluent and agrammatic variant of Primary Progressive Aphasia (NFPPA) is characterized by reduced verbal production with deficits in building grammatically correct sentences, involving dysfunctions in syntactic and morphological levels of language. There are a growing number of studies about non-pharmacological alternatives focusing on the rehabilitation of functional aspects or specific cognitive impairments of each variant of PPA. This study reports a short-term treatment administered to a patient with NFPPA focusing on the production of sentences. The patient had significant reduction in verbal fluency, use of keywords, phrasal and grammatical simplifying as well as anomia. Using the method of errorless learning, six sessions were structured to stimulate the formation of sentences in the present and past with the cloze technique. The patient had improvement restricted to the strategy, with 100% accuracy on the trained phrases and generalization to untrained similar syntactic structure after training. These results persisted one month after the treatment.

primary progressive aphasia; treatment; speech and language therapy; intervention; cognitive rehabilitation


A variante não fluente e agramática da Afasia Progressiva Primária (APPNF) caracteriza-se por redução da produção verbal com falhas para construir sentenças gramaticalmente corretas, envolvendo disfunções nos níveis sintático e morfológico da linguagem. É crescente o número de pesquisas sobre alternativas não farmacológicas enfocando a reabilitação de aspectos funcionais ou comprometimentos cognitivos específicos de cada variante das APP. Relatar um tratamento de curta-duração administrado a um paciente com APPNF enfocando a produção de sentenças. O paciente apresentava redução importante da fluência verbal, uso de palavras-chave, simplificação frasal e gramatical, além de anomia. Utilizando o método de aprendizado sem erros, foram estruturadas seis sessões para estimular a formação de frases no presente e no passado com a técnica de cloze. O paciente apresentou melhora restrita à estratégia, com 100% de acerto nas frases treinadas e generalização para as não-treinadas de estrutura sintática semelhante após o treinamento. Os resultados foram mantidos um mês após o tratamento.

afasia progressiva primária; terapia fonoaudiológica; tratamento; intervenção; reabilitação cognitiva


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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    Sept 2014

History

  • Received
    25 Feb 2014
  • Accepted
    27 Apr 2014
Academia Brasileira de Neurologia, Departamento de Neurologia Cognitiva e Envelhecimento R. Vergueiro, 1353 sl.1404 - Ed. Top Towers Offices, Torre Norte, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, CEP 04101-000, Tel.: +55 11 5084-9463 | +55 11 5083-3876 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
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