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The view of biotypology in Southern Brazil: discourse and practice in the 1930s and 1950s

Abstract

This research report aims to demonstrate how the state of Paraná, Brazil, featured in the transnational context of different schools of biotypological thought present in Brazil as of the 1930s. The city of Curitiba is taken as a case study, where we can identify, in an academic lecture from 1938 and two mental health reports from 1950 and 1951, the observance of Ernst Kretschmer’s German constitutional medicine, despite the prevalence of the Italian school of thought in the bibliography on the subject. With this, we seek to identify through what channels and forums the precepts of the German school were legitimized.

biotypology; Curitiba; Paraná (state); German constitutional medicine; Ernst Kretschmer (1888-1964)

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