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Yield and quality of wheat seeds as a function of desiccation stages and herbicides

Produtividade e qualidade de sementes de trigo em função de estádios de dessecação e herbicidas

This study aimed to evaluate the yield and seed quality of wheat, cultivar ‘Quartzo’, harvested after desiccation with two desiccants (glyphosate and paraquat) at two reproductive stages (11.2 and 11.3). The study used a randomized block experimental design in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement (two desiccants and a control) and two growth stages of wheat, with four replications. The following were assessed: seed yield, thousand seed weight and seed quality (germination, first germination count, root and shoot weight, seedling dry and fresh weight, accelerated aging, electrical conductivity, cold germination, potassium leaching). Based on the results, it can be concluded that the use of desiccants on wheat at the two stages of development have not affected yield, but they have negatively influenced physiological seed quality. Generally, the herbicide glyphosate showed the lowest phytotoxic effect on seeds, and desiccant application at stage 11.2 resulted in higher physiological seed quality compared with application at stage 11.3.

Triticum aestivum; glyphosate; paraquat; growth stage; vigor


ABRATES - Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Av. Juscelino Kubitschek, 1400 - 3° Andar, sala 31 - Centro,, CEP 86020-000 Londrina/PR - Londrina - PR - Brazil
E-mail: jss@abrates.org.br