Protein-DNA associations in a gender-specific gene of Schistosoma mansoni: characterization by UV cross-linking, DNase I footprinting and band shift assays

Simone Engelender Franklin D. Rumjanek About the authors

Abstract

Protein extracts obtained from male and female shistosomes were incubated with a gender-specific gene, F-10, transcribed only in adult females and encoding a major egg-shell protein. The protein/DNA interaction was measured using the band shift, DNase-I-footprinting and UV cross-linking techniques. The results showed a clear band shift when a 302 bp restriction fragment containing the 3'end of the gene was incubated with either female or male proteins. This fragment also contained a putative steroid hormone regulatory element (HRE). In contrast, only the male proteins produced a shift with the 495 bp fragment corresponding to the middle region of the gene. DNase I footprinting showed that proteins from males and females interacted with the F-10 gene by binding to multiple adjacent sites along the DNA, thus generatingrelatively long protected fragments of approximately 100 bp. This result suggested that the adjacent binding of several moles of proteins occured at the 5'end of the gene. UV cross-linking between schistosome proteins and a 21 bp synthetic oligonucleotide the F-10 HRE, evidence proteins having MWS of 30,45 and 65 kDNA. These proteins are presumably involved in the regulation of transcription of the F-10 gene.

Schistosoma mansoni; sexual maturation; gender; specific gene


ABSTRACT

Protein-DNA associations in a gender-specific gene of Schistosoma mansoni: characterization by UV cross-linking, DNase I footprinting and band shift assays

Simone Engelender1

Franklin D. Rumjanek1

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, ICB, CCS. Departamento de Bioquímica Médica, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

Protein extracts obtained from male and female shistosomes were incubated with a gender-specific gene, F-10, transcribed only in adult females and encoding a major egg-shell protein. The protein/DNA interaction was measured using the band shift, DNase-I-footprinting and UV cross-linking techniques. The results showed a clear band shift when a 302 bp restriction fragment containing the 3'end of the gene was incubated with either female or male proteins. This fragment also contained a putative steroid hormone regulatory element (HRE). In contrast, only the male proteins produced a shift with the 495 bp fragment corresponding to the middle region of the gene. DNase I footprinting showed that proteins from males and females interacted with the F-10 gene by binding to multiple adjacent sites along the DNA, thus generatingrelatively long protected fragments of approximately 100 bp. This result suggested that the adjacent binding of several moles of proteins occured at the 5'end of the gene. UV cross-linking between schistosome proteins and a 21 bp synthetic oligonucleotide the F-10 HRE, evidence proteins having MWS of 30,45 and 65 kDNA. These proteins are presumably involved in the regulation of transcription of the F-10 gene.

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    04 June 2009
  • Date of issue
    1992
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