The objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic diversity of populations of Zabrotes subfasciatus through ISSR molecular markers. Twelve populations from eight Brazilian states were sampled in the total of 269 individuals. Five ISSR primers were used and a total of 51 polymorphic bands were obtained. The percentage of polymorphism within population averaged 83.8%. Nei's unbiased expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.23 to 0.33, with an average of 0.29, and the Shannon & Weaver's index of gene diversity varied from 0.29 to 0.48, with an average of 0.42. At species level, these two indexes were 0.36 and 0.54, respectively. The analysis of molecular variance showed that 66% of the total molecular variance can be attributed to differences within population, while 34% was apportioned among populations. Mantel's test showed a low correlation between: geographic distance and genetic differentiation, genetic identity and genetic differentiation, and Nei's genetic distance and genetic differentiation. The genetic differentiation in Brazilian populations of Z. subfasciatus is low and geographic structuring is weak.
bean bruchid; genetic differentiation; genetic diversity index; ISSR markers