Intervention in Autism: Social Engagement Implemented by Caregivers1 1 Paper derivative of the master’s thesis of the first author, under the supervision of the second, defended in 2013, in the Graduate Program in Theory and Behavioral Research of the Universidade Federal do Pará. Acknowledgement: We thank the following scientific initiation students: Ana Paula Soares, Joyce Leal, Lorraine Calandrini, and Teresa Rocha, who contributed to the data collection for this study.

Intervenção em Autismo: Engajamento Social Implementado por Cuidadores

Intervención en Autismo: Engajamento Social Implementada por Cuidadores

Adrine Carvalho dos Santos Marilice Fernandes Garotti Ivete Furtado Ribeiro Cleonice Alves Bosa About the authors

To become involved in states of social engagement with their caregivers is a core deficit of children with autism. This study verified the effectiveness of an intervention with caregivers for the promotion of social engagement in their children with autism. The interactions of seven dyads were video recorded before, during and after the intervention in order to record the duration of eleven states of the children’ attention engagement, coded as social engagement (SE) or non-social engagement (NSE). Eight hours of intervention were divided into meetings with all the caregivers and into individualized monitoring. After the intervention, significant differences were observed regarding the increase of SE and in the decrease of NSE and these gains were maintained at follow-up. The increase in SE was positively associated with the degree of caregivers’ adherence to the treatment. We conclude that short duration interventions can qualify caregivers as competent mediators to increase social engagements.

autism; social interaction; caregivers

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Av.Bandeirantes 3900 - Monte Alegre, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto - São Paulo - Brasil, Tel.: (55 16) 3315-3829 - Ribeirão Preto - SP - Brazil