Meditation, described as a practice of body and mind self-regulation, is characterized by a set of techniques that train the focalization of attention. Also known as a mental training, this practice characterizes a technique capable of producing psychosomatic effects. This paper presents a revision of some evidence on the benefits of meditation and its role for clinical application. A great deal of research has shown its efficacy, especially concerning its association with the reduction of symptoms related to stress and anxiety. Besides that, research has indicated that this practice can produce short and long term effects, affecting positively the cognitive and affective functions. We discuss the aspects related to the definitions and particularities of each technique and the contexts to which meditation can be linked to. Despite growing evidence on the relationship between meditation and physical and mental health, it is still necessary to carry out further investigation.
Meditation; Attention regulation; Physical health; Mental health