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Spray solution deposit on Salvinia molesta with and without surfactant

One of the options for managing Salvinia molesta is chemical control; however, the presence of a large amount of stiff, tiny water resistant hairs on their leaf surface above reduces leaf wettability and herbicide efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the deposition of blue coloring FDC-1, by simulating the application of herbicide solutions on this aquatic fern, with and without a surfactant mixture. The treatments were concentrations of Aterbane at 0 and 5%, used in a spray solution preparation. The experimental treatment was set up on a randomized design with 150 replications. Application was performed with a stationary spray with pressure at 2.0 bar and consumption of 180 L ha-1 of spray solution. Nozzles type XR 110.02 were used and regression curves were adapted among the individual deposits in each plant (mL spray solution/plant) and to the accumulated frequencies. The model of Gompertz was used and the R² values were 0.99 and 0.97, with and without Aterbane, respectively. In average, addition of Aterbane spray solution reduced deposits of the FDC1 in 1.13%. However, Atherbane improved the deposition of 76%, 41% and 29% in 1%, 5% and 10%, of the population, respectively, with less deposit of the coloring.

weed; aquatic plant; surfactant; deposition; drops

Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas Departamento de Fitotecnia - DFT, Universidade Federal de Viçosa - UFV, 36570-000 - Viçosa-MG - Brasil, Tel./Fax::(+55 31) 3899-2611 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil