The multi-professional residence at the primary health care is part of a network of training in education and health in Brazil that has been expanded in the last decade. Training within health services aims to prepare professionals to work in the Health National System. This article examines how workers and residents experience educational processes in the Program of Integrated Health Residency: Primary Care in Public Health, developed in basic health units belonging, up to 2009, to the Murialdo Health School-Center, and linked to Rio Grande do Sul School of Public Health. This is a qualitative research whose methodological course has input into cultural studies in approach to post-modern ethnography. The fieldwork was conducted from March 2007 to April 2008 and empirical data included educational and administrative documents institutions, relevant legislation to the regulation of residency programs, reports of residents, direct observation of teams and interviews with health workers. To reflect on the limitations and possibilities of this training, the writings of Bauman about the cultural characteristics of "liquid modernity" were used, because the context was marked by tentativeness and uncertainty, which produce potentialities and vulnerabilities in the residency program.
Primary Health Care; residency; team work; liquid modernity; Cultural Studies