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Developmental recovery after adoption: child and adoptive family's characteristics

Clinicians and researchers have been warning about the harmful effects of a history marked by early adverse experiences in shelter institutions in child's health, cognitive and socioemotional development as well as attachment. After adoption, the recovery in these domains seems to be clear and it is also observed a curious heterogeneity in developmental results. This paper review presents a summary of the main empirical findings about the characteristics of the child and of the adoptive family involved in the recovery process. The search was done in the major electronic databases and original studies, review articles, and book chapters were identified. It is concluded that the recovery requires the identification of genetic, prenatal and pre-institutionalization factors, and also the care experiences before and after the adoption.

Development; adoption; child; family

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