Manipulating miR-125a-5p to regulate cancer stem cells phenotype and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in glioblastoma

Yeqin Sha Daoyun Lei Lianping He About the authors

Dear Editor,

We read the study by Zhu X-D et al.11. Zhu X-D, Gao Z-J, Pang Q, Zheng G-D. miR-125a-5p inhibits cancer stem cells phenotype and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in glioblastoma. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2020;66(4);445-451. with great interest. The study demonstrated that miR-125a-5p could inhibit cancer stem cell phenotype and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in glioblastoma. The author concluded that miR-125a-5p might be a novel therapy target for glioblastoma. This study disclosed the involvement of miRNA in the progression of glioblastoma, providing potential approaches for glioblastoma treatment and prevention. Considering the high prevalence and lethality of glioblastoma in the population, it is of great clinical significance to explore novel therapeutic targets for glioblastoma treatment. However, in our opinion, more studies should be conducted so that the conclusion could be more convincing.

To begin with, different study groups have identified that lots of miRNAs play a vital role in glioblastoma pathogenesis22. Ahir BK, Ozer H, Engelhard HH, Lakka SS. MicroRNAs in glioblastoma pathogenesis and therapy: a comprehensive review. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2017;120:22-33. and epithelial to mesenchymal transition33. McCubrey JA, Fitzgerald TL, Yang LV, Lertpiriyapong K, Steelman LS, Abrams SL, et al. Roles of GSK-3 and microRNAs on epithelial mesenchymal transition and cancer stem cells. Oncotarget. 2017;8(8):14221-50. . Therefore, the bioinformatics method is a better way of finding different expressions of miRNAs between glioblastoma tissues and adjacent normal tissues. Additionally, the results of scratch wound-healing motility assays and transwell migration assays should be displayed to confirm that miR-125a-5p may suppress migration and invasion of glioblastoma.

Although a large number of studies have revealed that miRNAs have different functions in the pathogenesis of various diseases, few miRNAs have been actually applied as a therapy target. The main advantage of the use of miRNAs as a therapy target is that they might influence different physiological and pathological conditions, including chronic inflammation and other non-tumor pathologies44. Wang H, Peng R, Wang J, Qin Z, Xue L. Circulating microRNAs as potential cancer biomarkers: the advantage and disadvantage. Clin Epigenetics. 2018;10:59. . Therefore, further animal studies should be conducted to confirm the overall effect of miR-125a-5p on epithelial to mesenchymal transition in glioblastoma.

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Zhu X-D, Gao Z-J, Pang Q, Zheng G-D. miR-125a-5p inhibits cancer stem cells phenotype and epithelial to mesenchymal transition in glioblastoma. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2020;66(4);445-451.
  • 2
    Ahir BK, Ozer H, Engelhard HH, Lakka SS. MicroRNAs in glioblastoma pathogenesis and therapy: a comprehensive review. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2017;120:22-33.
  • 3
    McCubrey JA, Fitzgerald TL, Yang LV, Lertpiriyapong K, Steelman LS, Abrams SL, et al. Roles of GSK-3 and microRNAs on epithelial mesenchymal transition and cancer stem cells. Oncotarget. 2017;8(8):14221-50.
  • 4
    Wang H, Peng R, Wang J, Qin Z, Xue L. Circulating microRNAs as potential cancer biomarkers: the advantage and disadvantage. Clin Epigenetics. 2018;10:59.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    03 July 2020
  • Date of issue
    May 2020

History

  • Received
    24 Oct 2019
  • Accepted
    08 Nov 2019
Associação Médica Brasileira R. São Carlos do Pinhal, 324, 01333-903 São Paulo SP - Brazil, Tel: +55 11 3178-6800, Fax: +55 11 3178-6816 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: ramb@amb.org.br