Morphology and anatomy of Tessaria absinthioides (Hook. et Arn.) DC. under salinity conditions

CLAUDIA A. M. DEGANO About the author

T. absinthioides, Inuleae, Compositae, is a weedy species that is spreading in the irrigation area of the Colorado River, Argentina. This species can be found in normal and saline soils. Morphological and anatomical variables were measured with two salts, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate, with three levels of osmotic potential -0.4, -0.8 and -1.5 MPa, in hydroponic culture, using Hoagland solution as the cultivation media. The total diameter of the roots of plants growing in Na2SO4 and NaCl increased when the osmotic potential was -0.4 MPa. In plants growing in NaCl this may have resulted from the increase in the size of the cortical cells and in plants growing in Na2SO4, the diameter increased may be due to an increase in the cambial activity. The number and length of shoot internodes decreased with increasing salinity, even though this was not statistically significant. In comparison to the control, the total diameter of the shoot increased at -0.4 MPa and decreased with the reduction of the osmotic potential. In comparison to the control, the length of the leaves decreased at -0.4 MPa and the leaves width increased at the same concentration. The palisade parenchyma appeared less developed in saline conditions. In comparison to the control, the number of hairs increased at -0.4 MPa. T. absinthioides acts as a semihalophytic species, according to the salt ranks it tolerates. The mechanisms of adaptation to saline conditions are succulence in root and stunted growth if the salt in the media is NaCl, and the production of haloxeromorphic characters if the salt in the media is Na2 SO4

Salinity; morpho-anatomical modifications; Tessaria

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