Capacity of Typha dominguensis in phytoremediation of fish pond effluents in Iraí Basin - Paraná

Ana P. L. Martins Carlos B. Reissmann Nerilde Favaretto Maria R. T. Boeger Edilson B. de Oliveira About the authors

Eutrophication is characterized by a process in which a water body acquires high levels of nutrients, especially phosphates and nitrates, resulting in organic matter accumulation with further decomposition. One of the alternatives for environmental descontamination is the use of phytoremediation. The objective of this investigation was to test the capacity of Typha dominguensis in reducing eutrophication in fish pond effluents. An experiment was installed at Canguiri Research Station, at the Federal University of Paraná, using water from fish ponds. Typha dominguensis, being the test plant, was grown under five levels of N and P in factorial combination with six repetitions in an aerated closed system. After 160 days of cultivation, the plants were collected and evaluated for biomass production and nutrient extraction capacity. Roots were not considered for the chemical analysis. In the best treatment, a depuration rate in water of 87% for N and 54% for P was observed. This indicated a very promising potential of the species for these purposes.

eutrophycation; nitrogen; phosphorus

Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola - UFCG Unidade Acadêmica de Engenharia Agrícola, UFCG, Av. Aprígio Veloso 882, Bodocongó, Bloco CM, 1º andar, CEP 58429-140, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil, Tel. +55 83 2101 1056 - Campina Grande - PB - Brazil