The construction of a theory of ensemble: precedents in Maxwell and Boltzmann

Cássio C. Laranjeiras José R.N. Chiappin About the authors

The purpose of this paper is to research the bases of the construction in James C. Maxwell (1831-79) and Ludwig Boltzmann's (1844-1906) work of what is now known as the theory of ensembles, after Willard Gibbs (1893-1903). It is a methodological perspective that stimulated the search for a statistical ground for the laws of thermodynamics.

statistical mechanics; Ludwig Boltzmann; James Clerk Maxwell; heuristics

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