The promotion of sexual health is of daily importance to the medical agenda, which is why debate over the inclusion of sexuality in the curricula of medical schools is a current theme in world literature on medical education. This report shares a health education initiative aimed toward integrating sexuality and gender issues in medical education, with the initiative carried out by means of extension courses offered to medicine undergraduate students in Piauí state, Brazil. Distributed in 10 modules, the 40-hour courses were titled “Theoretical-Practical Sexuality” and “Sexualities in Cinema (Cinesex)”, providing 105 vacancies across two different methodological modalities. The courses aimed at improving the students’ knowledge of the biopsychosocial dimension of sexuality, encouraging a change in attitudes toward subjects related to sex and gender, and the development of skills in sexual health. The Cinesex course saw movies with themes on sex and/or gender screened to a group of 80 students with a central focus on the pedagogical practice of awareness and the mobilization of feelings, opinions, and experiences on sexuality and gender. The debate that followed the screenings allowed students to reflect on attitudes and skills related to sexual health. The Theoretical and Practical Course on Sexuality was made available to a group of 25 students and used the practice of increasing awareness, providing literature specific to the themes in each module in order to help deepen debate. The acquisition of skills in compiling a sexual history was also developed throughout the modules with this smaller group of students, while the pedagogical practices employed on both courses focused on the students’ sensitization to sexual and gender issues through audiovisual resources, as well as their discussion of theoretical frameworks and clinical cases. The students’ participation unveiled myths and prejudices related to sexuality as well as difficulties in discussing the matter. Student-centered approaches provided a favorable environment for the listening and addressing of queries, the acquisition of knowledge, and the development of skills.
Health Education; Sexuality; Sexual Education; Medical Education; Medical Students