Education has been undergoing major changes and, throughout history, has been exercised with great stringency an devolved significantly. Since the emergence of constructivist ideas in the nineteenth century, a new dynamic between educator and student has been established and went further when it was demanded that the learner assume their role in the construction of knowledge, and that the educator fulfilled the duty of mediator and facilitator of this knowledge. A wide variety of teaching methods have been described, most of which are aimed at small groups, although methods for larger groups are applied, such asTeam-Based Learning (TBL). This literature review describes a brief historical background of education, leading up to student-centered education and describes some of the active learning methods in most common usage today.
Medical Education; Active Learning; Methods; History